Ryan Jablonski is an assistant professor in the Department of Government at London School of Economics and Political Science. His research focuses on the politics of international development. He is particularly interested in explaining how international organizations and politicians make decisions about development spending and the role of technology in improving political accountability. In other strands of research, he studies the economic effects of transnational crime and the reasons why politicians sometimes choose to use electoral fraud and violence to win elections. Jablonski’s work is largely based in Sub-Saharan Africa, and he has conducted field research in Malawi, Kenya, and Uganda. Brigitte Seim is Assistant Professor of Public Policy at the University of North Carolina-Chapel HIll. Her research examines the relationship between citizens and political officials, with a particular emphasis on accountability in developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa.    Mariana Carvalho Barbosa is a Ph.D. student in Political Science at the University of California, San Diego. Her research focuses on causes and consequences of political violence, politics of crime, and corruption.   Clark Gibson is Professor of Political Science and Director of the International Studies Program at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). His current research focuses on the accountability between governments and citizens in Africa, especially during the electoral process and in the provision of public services.